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You can download the NCERT Books for Class 10 History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Chapter 2 The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China. UnderstandingEconomicDevelopment. NCERT/CBSE class 10 SocialScience book UnderstandingEconomicDevelopment. Free NCERT History Book Class 10th Ch 3 Nationalism in India. Available Detailed Answers for Class 10th NCERT History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India.
The Gutenberg Press was the first-known printing press in the s.
He believed that though some books do provide worthwhile knowledge, others are simply a bane for scholarship. Erasmus accused printers of publishing books that were not mere trifling but "stupid,slanderous, scandalous, raving, irreligious and seditious".
He also felt that large numbers of such books reduce the value of the quality writings. This law gave the government tyrannical rights to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular press.
If a seditious report was published and the newspaper did not heed to an initial warning, then the press was seized and the printing machinery confiscated. This was a complete violation of the freedom of expression. Liberal husbands and fathers educated their womenfolk at home or sent them to schools for women.
Women who had been restricted to a domestic life for generations, now found a new medium of entertainment. They also began to write articles for journals, in favour of women's education and literacy. Some even wrote books; Rassundari Devi's autobiography "Amar Jiban" was the first full-length autobiography, published in Conservatives believed that education and reading would make women widows, or corrupt them.
Many women learnt to read and write in secret in such traditionalist environments. Enlightening essays were written against caste discrimination and its inherent injustices.
These were read by people across the country. On the encouragement and support of social reformers, overworked factory workers set up libraries for self-education, and some of them even published their own works, for example, Kashi Baba and his "Chhote Aur Bade Sawal". These ideas could then be debated upon by different groups of people. Reformist ideas were put forward in the local, everyday languages of the common people so as to create a wider platform for the same.
Ans : Some people in eighteenth-century Europe thought that print culture would bring enlightenment and end despotism.
It's easy and cheap availability meant that literacy would no longer be restricted to the upper classes. While the clergy and monarchs feared the enlightenment that a vast reading public would gain, reformers like Martin Luther welcomed the change. They felt that it would mark an end to the blind adherence to the rulers' ideology. This can be seen in the French Revolution as well.
The print medium allowed the ideals of freedom, equality and brotherhood set forth by Rousseau and Voltaire in their writings to reach the public. It created a new culture of dialogue and debate that initiated the working class into questioning and re-evaluating social customs and norms. The power of reason that the public gained initiated social reform, and brought an end to despotism.
Choose one example from Europe and one from India. Ans : The people who feared the effect of easily available printed books were the ones who held some power, whether in terms of religion, caste, class or politics.
The fear was that their power and authority would get eroded if ideas questioning their power and authority gained mass popularity. In Europe, for example, the Roman Catholic Church conveyed its sense of apprehension for the print medium by stating that the promotion of new "printed" readings of faith would lead to blasphemous questionings of faith and encourage heretical ideas.
It considered itself to be the sole authority for interpreting religion. Hence, it set up the Index of Prohibited Books in to repress any published material that it felt corroded this authority. In India, apart from the colonial government which did its bit in regulating and suppressing newspapers and books that questioned and criticised colonial authority, the religious leaders and the upper castes also displayed their fear of the print medium.
Fifth chapter focus on the industrialisation. Section III comprises of Chapter seventh and eighth. The seventh chapter focused the growth of print. The eighth chapter deals with the circulation novels. Chapter 1- The Rise of Nationalism in Europe The chapter has total 10 questions of which five are short answer questions while five are long answer questions. The answers are of easy type. One project work is also given where you need to collect information about the nationalist symbols in countries outside Europe.
Four questions are of short answer type while other five are long answer type. Chapter 3- Nationalism in India There are total eight questions given in the chapter.
Half number of questions i. Chapter 4- The Making of a Global World Total nine questions are given of which five questions are short answer type while another four are long answer type. In the project work, you have to collect detailed information about gold and diamond mining in South Africa in the nineteenth century.
Chapter 5- The Age of Industrialisation The chapter has total seven questions.
First four questions are of short answer type and another three are long answer type. In the project work, you have to select any one type of industry and collect information about its history. Four questions are short answer type. Another four are long answer type.